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Overview Style Guidelines Code Accessibility


Use a spinner to show that something is loading after a user takes action.

When to use a spinner

When users advance to a new page and the structure is unknown both in quantity and shape, use a spinner. If users expect to see components on a new screen after they perform an action, a Skeleton should be used instead in order to reflect the structure. If the wait time after performing an action is less than a few seconds, a spinner should be used. For experiences that need longer than a few seconds to load, use a Progress bar instead. Lastly, when the result of an experience has no data or the screen is empty, use an Empty state instead.

Character count

The text label should be as brief and general as possible in order to give users enough time to read it.

Two spinners; one with a short text label, which is acceptable, and one with a very long text label which is not acceptable
Element Character count
Text label 30


Depending on what data is being retrieved and loaded and how much space it occupies, use a spinner size that matches.

  • The large size is the default, it can be used for whole pages or large containers
  • The medium size is recommended for smaller pages or containers
  • If you use the small size with a text label, it can be used in very small containers like a card
  • If you use the small size without a text label, it should only be used in buttons or other containers of equal size
Spinner usage examples; from top to bottom, an app, a dialog, a card, and a 
button showing spinners of various sizes with and without text labels


A spinner is always oriented above the optional text label, if visible.

Two spinners; one showing the correct orientation and the other showing an incorrect orientation


The spinner animation will loop until the data is retrieved and disappears when it loads.

Best practices

Bad placement

Do not align a spinner away from the horizontal and vertical center. Keeping it centered helps users understand that the whole area is loading instead of one specific part.

A spinner not horizontally or vertically centered in a container which is incorrect usage

Cut off by browser window

A tooltip should not be cut off by the browser window. Change the orientation if it does.

A small spinner used in a large container which is incorrect usage

Wrong orientation

Do not change the orientation, the spinner is always positioned on top of the text label.

Two spinners with different orientations which is incorrect usage
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